🌊-Liquidity Providers

This guide is written for anyone looking to run a opendex liquidity provider setup entirely via the command line and create a revenue stream via automated arbitrage.

Prerequisites

Two Modes

  1. Default: Light setup using Neutrino and a random open eth provider. This keeps the setup light-weight & cheap, but creates a certain dependency on other people's full nodes.

  2. Optional: Full setup using bitcoind, litecoind and geth. Requires more time and resources, but keeps the setup trustless.

Three Networks

  1. Simnet. Status: down until further notice

  2. Testnet. Status: up | Required CPUs: 2 for light, 4 for full | RAM: 2GB for light, 16GB for full | Disk: 1GB for light, 200GB for full | Initial Sync Time: 15 mins for light, 24h for full

    bitcoin testnet 3, litecoin testnet 4, ethereum rinkeby. Faucets: t-BTC, t-LTC, t-ETH 1 or 2. If you need help or some testnet coins, hit us up on Discord!

  3. Mainnet. Status: down | Required CPUs: 2 for light, 4 for full | RAM: 2GB for light, 16GB for full | Disk: 1GB for light, 1TB for full | Initial Sync Time: 30 mins for light, 72h for full

    Down until all breaking changes are merged and some weeks on testnet didn't reveal major issues.

Hardware

Since liquidity providers should be online 24/7 and we are ushering in a post-cloud era, we recommend setting up a power-efficient linux box connected to your router. No special configurations, like port forwardings, are necessary. Running your opendexd setup in the cloud is obviously possible, just not something we encourage to do.

🧑‍🏭 Standard Hardware Guide: This guide walks you through setting up an arm64-based Raspberry Pi3/4. Costs: 65€-290€

💪 Pro Hardware Guide: This guide walks you through setting up a powerful amd64-based Mini PC. Costs: 180€-465€

🎚️ Custom: If you are using a different device or a cloud VPS:

  • Check the hardware requirements for the different networks and modes above

  • The full setup requires a SSD for geth being able to sync. For the light setup, a regular HDD/SD card is fine.

  • If you are using a VPS for testnet or mainnet, you can switch to 2 cores & 4 GB RAM after initial sync, given you use default settings.

  • We currently support amd64 (also called x86/x64) and arm64 (also called aarch64/armv8), which should cover most devices and services.

Software

Docker & Docker Compose.

Version >= 18.09 on Linux or Windows 10 using WSL 2. If you do not have docker & docker-compose installed yet and you are using Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, install these via sudo apt install docker.io. If you are using any version besides Ubuntu 20.04, follow the official docker install instructions. Also make sure that the current user can run docker commands. Test with docker run hello-world. If this fails, follow these instructions. This guide was written using Ubuntu 20.04 LTS.

The Setup

From here we assume that your device is running with docker set up. Check the guides in the hardware section above if your device is not ready yet.

Let's Roll (!WIP - NOT FULLY WORKING YET!)

Start the environment with

curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/opendexnetwork/opendex-docker/master/opendexd.sh -o ~/opendexd.sh
bash ~/opendexd.sh

The setup will ask you to choose the network:

1) Simnet
2) Testnet
3) Mainnet
Please choose the network: 3
🚀 Launching mainnet environment
🌍 Checking for updates ...

Sync light clients (default):

Syncing light clients:
┌─────────┬─────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│ SERVICE │ STATUS │
├─────────┼─────────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ lndbtc │ Syncing 34.24% (610000/1781443) │
├─────────┼─────────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ lndltc │ Syncing 12.17% (191000/1568645) │
└─────────┴─────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘

And then guide you through some basics:

Do you want to create a new opendexd environment or restore an existing one?
1) Create New
2) Restore Existing
Please choose: 1

When creating a new opendexd SEED, the setup asks you to set a password to encrypt your environment's private keys and to write down your mnemonic phrase. This serves as backup for your opendexd node key and wallets (your on-chain assets). This is your last resort in case something happens to your device. Keep it somewhere safe!

You are creating an opendexd node key and underlying wallets. All will be secured by a single password provided below.
Enter a password:
Re-enter password:
----------------------BEGIN OPENDEX SEED---------------------
1. you 2. won't 3. find 4. money
5. in 6. this 7. seed 8. but
9. good 10. thinking 11. if 12. you
13. are 14. interested 15. in 16. getting
17. rewarded 18. for 19. testing 20. opendex
21. security 22. hit 23. us 24. up
-----------------------END OPENDEX SEED----------------------
The following wallets were initialized: BTC, LTC, ERC20(ETH)

Then you'll be asked to enter the path to your backup drive, e.g. a previously mounted USB drive:

Please enter a path to a destination where to store a backup of your environment. It includes everything, but NOT your on-chain wallet balance which is secured by your opendexd SEED. The path should be an external drive, like a USB or network drive, which is permanently available on your device since backups are written constantly.
Enter path to backup location: /media/USB/
Checking... OK.

The entered backup drive location is persisted as backup-dir = "/media/USB/" in mainnet.conf and can be changed any time. Alternatively, you can consider running your environment on two hard drives in RAID 1 to protect against data loss.

Then the setup might restart clients and ask you to enter your password once more before the CTL

Use the status command to check on the your setup's health and sync progress. The default light setup should show Ready after some seconds:

mainnet > status
┌───────────┬────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│ SERVICE │ STATUS │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ bitcoind │ Ready (light mode) │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ litecoind │ Ready (light mode) │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ geth │ Ready (light mode) │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ lndbtc │ Syncing │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ lndltc │ Syncing │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ connext │ Ready │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ opendexd │ Waiting for lndbtc, lndltc │
└───────────┴────────────────────────────────────────────────┘

If you configured the full setup via config file or cli parameters, the sync will start fast and get slower towards the end. You might see 0.00% progress for several minutes at first.

mainnet > status
┌───────────┬────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│ SERVICE │ STATUS │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ bitcoind │ Syncing 0.00% (0/436000) │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ litecoind │ Syncing 0.00% (0/324000) │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ geth │ Syncing 0.00% (55/9140561) │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ lndbtc │ Waiting for sync │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ lndltc │ Waiting for sync │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ connext │ Waiting for sync │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ opendexd │ Waiting for sync │
└───────────┴────────────────────────────────────────────────┘

After a while you should see all three full-nodes syncing nicely.

mainnet > status
┌───────────┬────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
│ SERVICE │ STATUS │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ bitcoind │ Syncing 43.06% (262348/609123) │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ litecoind │ Syncing 35.94% (631593/1757002) │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ geth │ Syncing 10.16% (929072/9140623) │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ lndbtc │ Waiting for sync │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ lndltc │ Waiting for sync │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ connext │ Ready │
├───────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ opendexd │ Waiting for sync │
└───────────┴────────────────────────────────────────────────┘

Bitcoind/Litecoind should finish syncing within 12h, geth in about 72h on powerful hardware. A Pi4 needs about twice that long.

The CLI takes opendex-cli commands without the need to prepend opendex-cli, e.g. simply type getinfo to get basic information about your opendex node. Run help to get an always up-to-date list of commands. Append -j to any command to get JSON instead of the formatted output, e.g. using listpeers to see other opendexd nodes on the network:

mainnet > listpeers -j
{
"peersList": [
{
"address": "rgz5icb5jdxzmu7r7tbis64q23ioytzd4tqikuyb5kz75w75rbe6veyd.onion:8885",
"nodePubKey": "02529a91d073dda641565ef7affccf035905f3d8c88191bdea83a35f37ccce5d64",
"lndPubKeysMap": [
[
"BTC",
"035cb9afb06a83e65fbab15c900d78580673cf56ce38c5814fb71f1eb57fcba7ee"
],
[
"LTC",
"036cf16cd7de6193efb2855e784409c3633f893662dd6edcf7a545a99659232373"
]
],
"inbound": false,
"pairsList": [
"LTC/BTC",
"ETH/BTC",
],
"opendexdVersion": "1.2.7",
"secondsConnected": 100,
"connextAddress": "0xe802431257a1d9366BD5747F0F52bAd25A6C3092"
}
]
}

Your First Trade

Start by depositing some funds into your opendex node:

deposit btc #Send BTC to this address
deposit ltc #Send LTC to this address
deposit eth #Send ETH to this address

The deposit command for BTC & LTC is powered by Boltz. Boltz will automatically open a balanced lightning channel to you, if you don't have a channel yet. This can take several minutes to complete and we'd kindly ask you to wait patiently for your funds to appear in the getbalance overview. If you want to follow what is happening under the hood, you can do so by typing logs boltz. For ETH, currently one still needs to trigger a manual channel creation in a second step after funds were deposited:

openchannel ETH 13.37

Check existing orders for all activated pairs with the command orderbook. It might take several seconds to see orders after opendexd was started due to the decentralized nature of the order exchange. Use orderbook btc/usdt to show the order book for BTC/USDT only:

mainnet > orderbook btc/usdt
Trading pair: BTC/USDT
┌───────────────────────────────────────┬───────────────────────────────────────┐
│ Buy │ Sell │
├───────────────────┬───────────────────┼───────────────────┬───────────────────┤
│ Quantity │ Price │ Price │ Quantity │
├───────────────────┼───────────────────┼───────────────────┼───────────────────┤
│ 0.28918298 │ 7171.56 │ 7172.253 │ 0.1 │
├───────────────────┼───────────────────┼───────────────────┼───────────────────┤
│ 1 │ 7171.1937 │ 7172.9757 │ 0.1 │
├───────────────────┼───────────────────┼───────────────────┼───────────────────┤
│ 0.1 │ 7171.083 │ 7316.0663 │ 1 │
├───────────────────┼───────────────────┼───────────────────┼───────────────────┤
│ 0.1 │ 7170.899 │ 7316.44 │ 0.22393946 │
└───────────────────┴───────────────────┴───────────────────┴───────────────────┘

Use getbalance to check your balance before the swap.

mainnet > getbalance
Balance:
┌──────────┬───────────────┬────────────────────────────┬───────────────────────────────┐
│ Currency │ Total Balance │ Channel Balance (Tradable) │ Wallet Balance (Not Tradable) │
├──────────┼───────────────┼────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────┤
│ BTC │ 6.10944853 │ 2.5 │ 3.60944853 │
├──────────┼───────────────┼────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────┤
│ USDT │ 5000 │ 5000 │ 0 │
├──────────┼───────────────┼────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────┤
│ LTC │ 21 │ 11 │ 10 │
├──────────┼───────────────┼────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────┤
│ ETH │ 500 │ 500 │ 0 │
└──────────┴───────────────┴────────────────────────────┴───────────────────────────────┘

Issue a regular limit order with e.g. sell 0.1 btc/usdt 7171 to sell 0.1 btc for a price of 7171 USDT per BTC. If your order was matched, settlement shouldn't take longer than a couple of seconds.

mainnet > sell 0.1 btc/usdt 7171
swapped 0.1 BTC with peer order ca24fe00-1c1e-11ea-8b1b-3b2ec0335696

Use getbalance to check your balance after the swap. You are now owning 0.1 BTC less and 717 USDT more.

mainnet > getbalance
Balance:
┌──────────┬───────────────┬────────────────────────────┬───────────────────────────────┐
│ Currency │ Total Balance │ Channel Balance (Tradable) │ Wallet Balance (Not Tradable) │
├──────────┼───────────────┼────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────┤
│ BTC │ 6.00944842 │ 2.39999989 │ 3.60944853 │
├──────────┼───────────────┼────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────┤
│ USDT │ 5717 │ 5717 │ 0 │
├──────────┼───────────────┼────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────┤
│ LTC │ 21 │ 11 │ 10 │
├──────────┼───────────────┼────────────────────────────┼───────────────────────────────┤
│ ETH │ 500 │ 500 │ 0 │
└──────────┴───────────────┴────────────────────────────┴───────────────────────────────┘

Connect Arby

In this final step we are connecting your opendex setup to your CEX (Centralized EXchage) account via a liquidity provider bot called "arby". Arby enables "transfer" of orders from the CEX into OpenDEX and creates an arbitrage revenue stream for you as liquidity provider. Arby issues orders on the OpenDEX network based on the CEX price, adding a margin as premium. When orders are filled on OpenDEX, arby takes care of executing a counter trade on the CEX to lock in profits. At the time of writing, arby supports connecting to Binance and Kraken, but more exchanges will be added over time; check arby's FAQ for an up-to-date list. We'll use Binance as example in the following. You will need funds for at least one supported asset on Binance (e.g. BTC) for arby to start issuing orders. To activate arby, exit from opendexd ctl and run cp ~/.opendexd-docker/mainnet/sample-mainnet.conf ~/.opendexd-docker/mainnet/mainnet.conf to create a config file for your environment. Then edit the following options in mainnet.conf:

[email protected]:~$ nano ~/.opendex-docker/mainnet/mainnet.conf
# this option needs to be set to false to allow arby to execute Binance orders on your behalf, crucially needed for arby to function
test-mode="false"
# the trading pair to activate arby for; currently arby can only handle one pair at a time
base-asset = "BTC"
quote-asset = "USDT"
#cex-base-asset = "" # optional - only needs to be specified if centralized exchange base asset is different from base-asset, e.g. USD instead of USDT
#cex-quote-asset = "" # optional - only needs to be specified if centralized exchange quote asset is different from quote-asset, e.g. USD instead of USDT
# log into your Binance account to obtain your api key and secret
cex = "binance"
cex-api-key = "your api key"
cex-api-secret = "your api secret"
# this is the percentage you'd like to add on top of your orders, 3% in this example
margin = "0.03"
# enable arby
disabled = false
# CTRL+S, CTRL+X.

Re-enter opendex-ctl (bash ~/opendexd.sh) and accept the prompt to add arby. After a minute you should see arby's automatically issued orders based on your Binance and OpenDEX balance via listorders. Completed OpenDEX trades are listed in tradehistory. You can follow actions taken by arby with logs arby.

Check the official README to learn more about how arby works.

Report Issues

Please give us feedback and report bugs by running report from within opendex ctl or join our dedicated "-help" channel on Discord!

Tips 'n Tricks

  • No need to open/forward ports

  • An overview of all available commands within opendex ctl can be printed by typing help in opendex ctl. It allows to use client's cli (e.g. lncli), check client status, logs and many more.

  • The opendex-docker setup uses the fixed home directory ~/.opendex-docker where blockchain & wallet data is stored in by default. Customize the wallet & chain data directory by creating a global opendex-docker config file with cp ~/.opendex-docker/sample-opendex-docker.conf ~/.opendex-docker/opendex-docker.conf, then edit dir.

  • All config options can temporary be set via cli parameters; run bash opendex.sh --help to get an overview of all available parameters. To e.g. use another directory for your mainnet environment, you can run bash opendex.sh --mainnet-dir /path/to/temp/mainnet/dir.

  • To permanently change options on a network level, create a network-specific config file with the latest options, e.g. for mainnet with cp ~/.opendex-docker/mainnet/sample-mainnet.conf ~/.opendex-docker/mainnet/mainnet.conf, then edit mainnet.conf.

  • If you only have a small SSD available (<300GB) for a full setup, you can place your entire setup on a HDD, except for a small part of geth's data, which needs to be located on a fast SSD:

    [geth]
    # SSD (internal)
    dir = "/home/<user>/.opendex-docker/mainnet/geth"
    # HDD (external)
    ancient-chaindata-dir = "/media/HDD/opendex/03-Mainnet/data/geth"
  • Sample config full setup:

    # edit these lines to sync full nodes for bitcoin, litecoin & ethereum
    [bitcoind]
    mode = "native"
    [litecoind]
    mode = "native"
    [geth]
    mode = "native"
  • You may use external full-nodes (including infura).

    # connect to an external bitcoin core node in your local network (Use `10.0.2.1` on linux or `host.docker.internal` on mac if the full node is running on the same machine)
    [bitcoind]
    mode = "external"
    rpc-host = "192.168.1.42"
    rpc-port = "8332"
    rpc-user = "opendex"
    rpc-password = "opendex"
    zmqpubrawblock = "192.168.1.42:28332"
    zmqpubrawtx = "192.168.1.42:28333"
  • Sample config of your external bitcoind/litecoind to work with the defaults in the <network>.conf file:

    -rpcuser=opendex
    -rpcpassword=opendex
    -rpcport=18332
    -rpcallowip=0.0.0.0/0
    -rpcbind=0.0.0.0
    -zmqpubrawblock=tcp://0.0.0.0:38332
    -zmqpubrawtx=tcp://0.0.0.0:38333
  • Permanently set the alias opendex to launch opendex ctl from anywhere:

    Add the line alias opendex="bash ~/opendex.sh" to the end of ~/.bashrc or ~/.bash_aliases on Linux and bash_profile on Mac, then source the file.

  • You can exit from opendex ctl any time and re-enter with bash ~/opendex.sh; the environment will stay up.

  • A reboot of your host machine does not restart your opendex-docker environment by default. You will need to run bash ~/opendex.sh and unlock your environment with your password.

  • Permanently stop the environment by typing down in opendex ctl. A restart can be achieved with down first and then running bash ~/opendex.sh again.

  • opendex-docker only uses offical opendexd releases for mainnet. Testnet is running the latest opendexd master and is updated frequently.

  • If you are syncing the full setup, and geth shows sync status 99.99% for longer than 72h, you are probably running geth on a drive that is too slow for geth to catch up with the chain. In this case, down the environment and run a performance test of the disk as desribed here. If results are below the 100 MB/s mark, you can either switch to a faster SSD, use the default light setup connecting to an open geth node or use infura.

  • Docker might not play nicely with a VPN you are running on the host machine. If you see Failed to launch environment, try disconnecting the VPN.

  • If you decide to remove opendex-docker from your machine, run the following commands when the environment is down:

    # Use with caution: this step removes all `opendex` blockchain and wallet data from your system. If you have channels open without backup or lost your seed mnemonic, you are at risk of loosing funds.
    sudo rm -rf ~/.opendex-docker
    rm -rf ~/opendex.sh
    rm -rf /custom/mainnet/dir

References